Due to some sports, dancing, gyming, etc., the ACL in our leg gets damaged. And after that leading a regular life gets complicated. With an anterior cruciate ligament leading, everyday life gets difficult; you can’t stand properly, and even walking gets delayed. So, by avoiding injury, you can make things even with words. That’s why Endoscopic anterior cruciate ligament surgery (ผ่าตัด เอ็น ไขว้ หน้า แบบ ส่อง กล้อง, which is the term in Thai) is important.
What Is Torn Anterior Cruciate Ligament?
A torn anterior cruciate ligament, also known as an ACL tear, is a common knee injury, especially among athletes involved in sports. It is a delicate ligament that helps maintain the knee joint’s stability. This ligament is the one that helps in movement control and prevents twisting of the knee joint. But this is the exact reason why the torn ACL happens in the first place. It usually occurs due to a sudden twisting motion or a direct blow to the knee.
Based on its severity, there are three grades of torn anterior cruciate ligament injury.
Grade 1: The ligament is mildly damaged, with only a few fibres torn.
Grade 2: The ligament is partially torn, resulting in moderate instability.
Grade 3: The ligament is completely torn, causing significant instability and loss of function.
What Is The Cause Of Torn ACL?
The ACL is a very important part of our body, and it helps us maintain the balance of our body while standing. So when the ACL gets torn, it’s very painful. And there are many causes why this happens:
- Sports Injuries
- Sudden Stops or Changes in Direction
- Direct Impact or blow
- Landing Incorrectly
- Excessive strain on the ACL
- Weak Muscles and Imbalances
- Gender and Anatomy
How Does ACL Surgery Work?
Endoscopic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) surgery, or arthroscopic ACL surgery, is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used to reconstruct a torn ACL.
Endoscopic ACL surgery is a minor surgical procedure. Through small incisions and specialised instruments, the torn ACL is removed. Then prepare the area for the new graft. The graft can be taken from various sources of the patient’s patellar tendon, hamstring tendons, or quadriceps tendon, or it can be a donor graft.
Once the graft is prepared, it is placed in the same position as the original ACL and fixed with screws, sutures, or other devices to hold it in place. At the same time, it heals and integrates with the surrounding tissues.After the surgery, with time, the tissues will start healing. And there will be a rehabilitation program to restore the knee’s strength, stability, and range of motion.